Spanish Habsburg

So long and multinational race would be forced then to a new phase, perhaps much bloodier than the previous, where political power and the many alliances between states would be common practice. Prague, the prelude to Westphalia hasty retreat from the battlefield, Wallenstein, that Czech military talent, had to return to Germany with empty hands and with a searing defeat in tow. The ingratitude of Ferdinand II, who rebelled just learned of the defeat, he forgot his past successes and just returned, sent him to monitor, secure the old warrior was conspiring against him. Dangerously helpless, the Habsburg foresaw the imperative need to form alliances that will provide a new army. His hope then went to his son Philip (later Philip III of the House of Augsburg) who had been crowned as king of Hungary, Bohemia and King of the Romans. The diplomatic skills brought excellent results.

Astute and persuasive, he knew also attract the favor of the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Habsburg, the owner of the Spanish Habsburg possessions in Milan (Italy). After one year Lutzen's defeat, Ferdinand II planted them fight again. On September 6, 1634, at the Battle of Nordlingen, Bernard of Saxe-Weimar was defeated by the combined forces of Hungary, Milan, Bohemia and Catholic League. The victory was lost in a matter of months all previously been won by Gustavus Adolphus. His successor, Gustavo de Horn had to undertake a return to Stockholm deeply ashamed. He had underestimated too Ferdinand II. And longed for as soon as possible, a new defense. But their desires were temporarily disabled by the peace of Prague, signed by the Emperor of Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II, and most of the Protestant states of the empire.


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