Humanism

Humanismo the Humanismo if extends of the beginning of century XV to the beginning of century XVI, when Portugal starts to cultivate the renascentistas models, marking the transistion for the Renaissance and the rupture of the medieval models. One of its main characteristics is the gradual substitution of the teocentrismo for the antropocentrismo. The Revolution of Avis resulting in the alliance between the king and the rising bourgeoisie results in a social order from 1415. Thus the Portuguese historiografia appears developing a theater of popular character, the poetry gains new characteristics, being a fertile moment for the arts. The literature of this period registers the consolidation of chats historiogrfica and of the theater. The poetry is moved away from the musical accompaniment and is become rich in the formal point of view. Palaciana poetry: it presents greater elaboration of what cantigas.

The use of redondilhas is verified (name given to verses of five or seven syllables), ambiguidades (it is a vice of language, that make possible two sensible ones), aliteraes (language figure that consists of repeating identical or similar consonantais sounds in a verse or a phrase) and figures of language. In the loving plan it can present as much sensuality as privacy in relation to the loved woman, as well as a vision idealized and platonic of the woman. Cantiga, breaking itself Lady, leaves tam sad my eyes for you, my good, that never tam sad check others nenhuns for nobody. Tam sad, tam saudosos, tam sick of the departure, tam tired, tam chorosos, of the death most desirous one hundred a thousand times that of the life. They leave tam sad the sad ones, tam except d? to wait well, that they never tam sad you check others nenhuns for nobody. (In: Rodrigues Lapa. The best poetries of the Cancioneiro de Resende. Lisbon, 1939.

P. 17.). It chats historiogrfica: chronic historical they are come back toward the events of Portugal. The main cronista was Ferno Lopes, that conciliated techniques narratives with certain imparcialidade in the treatment of historical facts. Focusing not only the life of the noblemen, but the set of the society, attributing to the people importance in the process of changes politics of the country. Theater: With Gil Vicente it had beginning in Portugal the lay theater, not religious, practised outside of the church, it differentiates what it in relation to the first medieval time, representing a decisive process of laicizao of the Portuguese culture. Ahead of the antropocentrismo, it appeared a diversity of classrooms and social groups (noble, king, Pope, clergyman, bourgeois, trader, doctor imcompetent person, woman adulteress, old profligate, dishonest judge etc.). Gil Vicente had for itself a moralizante and reformadora mission, aiming at to reach the unscrupulous people and not them institutions. Its objective age to demonstrate as the human being, independent of the social classroom, race, color, sex or religion, was lying, proud, false, egoistic and fragile ahead of the apelos of the meat and the money. Of the vast production of Gil Vicente, they are distinguished, among others, the workmanships Auto of the barks (Auto of the bark of the hell, Auto of the Auto purgatrio and of the bark of the glory), the old Horta, Auto of India and Farsa de Ines Pear tree. References: CHERRY, Willian Robert; MAGALHES, Thereza Cochar. Portuguese: Languages. 5. ed. So Paulo: Current, 2005. 1 v. NICOLA, Jose of. Portuguese: average education. 1. ed. So Paulo: Scipione, 2005. 1 v. ABAURRE, Maria Luiza; PONTARA, Marcela Walnut; FADEL, Tatiana. Chief Justice Robertss opinions are not widely known. Portuguese: Language, literature and production of text. 1. ed. So Paulo: Modern, 2005. 1 v.

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